Infusion therapy, also known as intravenous (IV) infusion therapy, is a medical procedure in which medications are administered directly into the bloodstream through the vein. This type of therapy is physician referred when oral or other injectable medications have not been effective for treatment or when the patient is unable to take oral medications.

Often the necessary infusion procedures can be done in your home. Home infusion therapy is administered by qualified nurses who are trained in the uses of IV medications, infusion equipment, and appropriate procedures. Care is overseen by specialty infusion pharmacies who collaborate closely with dietitians, social workers, and physicians.

If you are have been referred to infusion therapy, you probably have questions about your treatment plan. All the information you are provided with can feel overwhelming. You are not alone in having many questions and concerns about your treatment. We have compiled the questions we are most frequently asked about our home infusion therapy services.

Frequently asked questions

What is home infusion?

Infusion therapy is the process in which patients receive medications via needles or catheters directly into a vein. Home infusion is when a patient receives this type of care at home rather than a healthcare facility, hospital, or other care setting. Home infusion has proven to be safe and a more cost-effective option than other sites of care.

What conditions can be treated with infusion therapy?

Infusion therapy may be recommended for a variety of conditions. Some of the conditions treated with IV therapy are:

  • Congestive Heart Failure
  • Crohn's Disease
  • Ulcerative Colitis
  • Immune Deficiencies (e.g., Primary Immunodeficiency Disorder)
  • Severe Pain
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Hemophilia
  • Cancer
  • Lupus
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Psoriasis
  • Post-Surgery Hydration Requirement

Treatment can be short-term or long-term depending on your condition.

Is home infusion safe?

There has been multiple published studies and endorsements from national provider societies demonstrating home infusion to be safe. In fact, there are published studies that suggest getting IV therapy in the home reduces the risk of infection compared to receiving IV therapy in the hospital.

What are the benefits and Advantages of having infusion therapy in my home?

Infusion therapy has traditionally been administered only at hospitals or physician offices, but healthcare professionals over the last 30 years have found that home health care is a safe and beneficial method of meeting your infusion therapy needs. Having your treatment at home causes fewer interruptions to your routine and provides high quality medical care where you are most comfortable.

Commercial and private insurance companies generally cover home infusion. In addition, by receiving infusions in the home, you’re able to continue about your normal activities and live independently without the need to travel.

Can I work while I am receiving therapy?

You are able to continue your normal routine during your treatment plan, which is one of the core benefits of home infusion. Your physician may require some alteration to your activities but being a recipient of home infusion therapy does not affect your ability to work or go to school.

When will my treatment begin?

After we receive your physician's referral, one of our customer service representatives or pharmacists will contact you. We will need to get some information about your medications and your individual needs. Based on your needs and your physician's order, we will determine your treatment plan and schedule.

Who will be on my home infusion therapy treatment team?

Your team will include a pharmacist, an infusion nurse, and support staff such as pharmacy technicians and insurance specialists. Your team may also include a registered dietician. Your team will monitor your progress and will maintain contact with your physician to ensure the quality and effectiveness of your therapy.

Will people be in my home frequently?

Your nurse may need to visit your home several times during the first week. We want to ensure both your comfort and safety as we begin your treatment. You will need fewer appointments as your infusion therapy progresses. We work to schedule your care appointments at your convenience.

What about supplies and equipment?

Any equipment and supplies, as well as your medication, will be provided by our pharmacy. When your insurance provides coverage for home infusion therapies, they also generally provide coverage for supplies and equipment so you do not have to incur any additional expenses beyond your typical copay or coinsurance.

What types of devices or equipment are used for infusion therapy?

Four different devices are commonly used for IV therapy. Each device is used for a different type of treatment. Your care team will determine which of these devices is most appropriate for your individual treatment.

A short peripheral IV is the most common access device. These can be used for up to three days. This device is less than 3 inches long and is generally placed in a vein in your forearm or hand.

A longer peripheral IV is most frequently inserted into a larger vein in your upper arm with the IV tip below your shoulder. This infusion device is between 3 and 8 inches long and can be used for up to 30 days.

A Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter, or PICC is inserted in a large vein in your upper arm. It is then threaded into your central circulation above your heart. This type of catheter can be used for up to 1 year.

An implantable port is an IV access device that contains a portable reservoir and a catheter which is surgically implanted. These are generally located in your chest region, and the tip of the catheter is threaded to an area above your heart. An IV port can be used for more than 1 year.

Catheters and ports are commonly used in cancer treatment. They allow chemotherapy to be administered at your home rather than a hospital. They also can help simplify cancer treatment by providing more than one treatment at a time.

Your nurse will insert your device unless you need a surgically implanted port. He or she will teach you to care for your device and give you a number to call if you have issues with your equipment.

What will happen at my first appointment?

Before your nurse visits you, the pharmacy will deliver the medication and any equipment required in your treatment plan. The pharmacist coordinating the delivery of your therapy, equipment and supplies will describe the items delivered. He or she will give you a contact number to call if you have any issues with or questions about your supplies or equipment.

At your first appointment, your nurse and pharmacist will describe your medication, your treatment plan, and the equipment and supplies with which your medication will be administered. He or she will administer your medication and answer any questions you have about your equipment or your infusion therapy. Your nurse will provide you with a number to call if you have any questions or concerns. The nurse will work with the pharmacy personnel to schedule additional visits and follow-up plans.

Does infusion therapy have any side effects?

Although your medication may have side effects, the infusion itself is unlikely to have side effects. There may be some swelling, pain, or itchiness at the infusion site. Your nurse or pharmacist will discuss possible side effects of medications with you when he or she administers your first dose.

What is TPN, and how is it administered?

Total Parenteral Nutrition, or TPN, is a liquid compound that provides your individual nutritional needs while bypassing your gastrointestinal tract. If you are unable to eat or should not eat for any reason, TPN may be prescribed for you.

After assessing your nutritional needs, the TPN is tailored and compounded to provide you with fats, carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, and electrolytes. These are infused through your device.

This type of infusion therapy requires you to learn to use your device properly. Your nurse will explain the details of use and maintenance of your device. He or she will monitor your progress with regular blood tests to ensure you are receiving the proper nutrients.

Will my insurance cover my home infusion therapy?

Most commercial insurance plans cover home infusion therapy. Medicaid also covers your treatment, although in some states a coverage gap may exist. Medicare Part B covers some infusion supplies and equipment as durable medical equipment. If you are enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan (Part C), your home infusion therapy may be covered.

An Alternate Treatment Settings (ATS) are also available to you. Often, home infusion pharmacies have ambulatory infusion suites to give patients the option to be infused onsite.

Your insurance specialist is an integral part of your healthcare team, and he or she will help you navigate through your insurance coverage questions and your insurance claims.

What is the average cost of home infusion therapy?

The cost will depend on your insurance, but it will likely be the same or lower compared to receiving infusions at the hospital or doctor’s office. Insurance companies, especially commercial health insurance companies, can enjoy the cost-saving benefits of home infusion and is why many cover the service. In studies published online home infusion saves an average of $150 to $200 per day compared to getting IV therapy in a hospital. Other studies suggest up to a 60% reduction in costs if patients are given IV therapy in the home compared to the hospital.

How does infusion therapy at the Alternate Treatment Setting work?

Infusion therapy at our ambulatory infusion suite works in much the same way as our home care works. After we receive your physician's referral, a pharmacy representative will contact you. Based on your physician's order and your needs, our treatment team will determine your individual treatment plan. Just as with home infusion therapy, the pharmacy provides your medical devices and medications.

Your infusion nurse will explain your medications and infusion devices at your first appointment, so plan to be at the infusion site a bit longer than for your other appointments. He or she will administer your medications and answer any questions you have regarding your medication, device, or treatment plan.

Throughout your infusion therapy treatment, your nurse will monitor your progress and will consult with your physician, pharmacist, and others on your treatment team to ensure you receive high quality and effective treatment.

Your insurance specialist may contact you by phone or email or ask you to come to the office to discuss your insurance benefits. He or she can answer questions you have about your coverage and help you with insurance claims.

Our infusion suite is designed for your comfort and safety. Feel free to bring snacks and drinks with you. You may bring personal items such as a book if you like. Your medication and treatment plan will affect the length of your scheduled appointments. We attempt to set your healthcare appointments to suit your schedule.

Which states does Prosper Infusion service?

We currently provide high-quality infusion services to patients in Florida. We are looking to expand operations in the next few years. If you are not already a client, join our mailing list to get updates on which states we serve.

Our Infusion Therapy Care Teams

Whether your infusion therapy takes place in your home or at our infusion suite, we aim to provide safe, effective, quality healthcare with the compassion you deserve from your healthcare provider. Our infusion pharmacists, nurses and other care team members are trained to provide efficient and effective treatments and assist you with any concerns you may have during your treatment.